Water is a key component in our landscape. Its quantity and quality dramatically influences our way of life. It makes sense to use water wisely and to maintain and enhance its quality.
Water in our landscape has many benefits. It can provide drinking water and recreational activities such as swimming, fishing and boating. Water bodies significantly enhance the amenity of the landscape whilst providing habitat for native flora and fauna. They are also used by communities as a place of social interaction. The local waterhole has traditionally been used to build strong bonds within communities. Fully functioning wetlands also provide a sense of peace and tranquility. Observing the activity created by a water body can consume many hours, building inspiration and creative thoughts.
Planting local, native species around dams, creeks and swamps creates natural wetland environments.
Plant trees and shrubs on the western side of dams to provide shade and wind protection to reduce evaporation. Always ensure flight paths are maintained to provide access to the water body for birds.
Local rushes and sedges planted in shallow water will enhance habitat and ornamental qualities. Rushes and sedges improve water quality by using excess nitrates and phosphates.
Plant native grasses on the inside of the dam wall. Grasses that can cope with periodic inundation from water are best, as this will hide the bare soil of the bank when water levels fluctuate.
Also include some small flowering shrubs which will overhang the water providing habitat for insects for fish to feed on.
Wetlands provide valuable wildlife habitat for frogs, waterfowl and other wetland species such as fish, yabbies and tortoises.
|Botanical Name||Common Name|
|Casuarina cunninghamiana||River She-Oak|
|Casuarina glauca||Swamp Oak|
|Eucalyptus amplifolia||Cabbage Gum|
|Eucalyptus elata||River White Gum|
|Eucalyptus macarthurii||Paddys River Box|
|Eucalyptus ovata||Swamp Gum|
|Eucalyptus stellulata||Black Sallee|
|Eucalyptus viminalis||Ribbon Gum|
|Melaleuca linariifolia||Snow in Summer|
|Melaleuca styphelioides||Prickly Paperbark|
|Banksia robur||Swamp Banksia|
|Callistemon citrinus||Crimson Bottlebrush|
|Callistemon linearis||Narrow-leaved Bottlebrush|
|Callistemon pallidus||Lemon Bottlebrush|
|Callistemon pityoides||Alpine Bottlebrush|
|Callistemon salignus||Willow Bottlebrush|
|Callistemon sieberi||River Bottlebrush|
|Callistemon viminalis||Weeping Bottlebrush|
|Hakea salicifolia||Willow leaf Hakea|
|Leptospermum juniperinum||Prickly Tea-tree|
|Leptospermum polygalifolium||Yellow Tea-tree|
|Melaleuca hypericifolia||Red Flowering Paperbark|
|Melaleuca squarrosa||Scented Paperbark|
|Grasses and Sedges|
|Baumea articulata||Jointed Twig-rush|
|Baumea rubignosa||Soft Twig-rush|
|Carex Appressa||Tussock Sedge|
|Carex fascicularis||Tassel Sedge|
|Ficinia nodosa||Knobby Club-rush|
|Gahnia sieberiana||Red-fruited Saw-sedge|
|Juncus usitatus||Tussock Rush|
|Lomandra longifolia||Spiny-headed Mat-rush|
|Phragmites australis||Giant Reedgrass|
|Restio tetraphyllus||Tassel-cord Rush|
|Schoenplectus validus||River Club-rush|
|Alisma plantago||Water Plantain|
|Ludwigia peploides-montevidensis||Water Primrose|
|Marsilea mutica||Rainbow Nardoo|
|Nymphoides sp.||Water Fringe|
|Villarsia reniformis||Marsh Flower|