Creating a Wetland

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Juncus providing habitat for ducks

Water is a key component in our landscape. Its quantity and quality dramatically influences our way of life. It makes sense to use water wisely and to maintain and enhance its quality.

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Watland plants help clean dams and ponds

Water in our landscape has many benefits. It can provide drinking water and recreational activities such as swimming, fishing and boating. Water bodies significantly enhance the amenity of the landscape whilst providing habitat for native flora and fauna. They are also used by communities as a place of social interaction. The local waterhole has traditionally been used to build strong bonds within communities. Fully functioning wetlands also provide a sense of peace and tranquility. Observing the activity created by a water body can consume many hours, building inspiration and creative thoughts.

Planting local, native species around dams, creeks and swamps creates natural wetland environments.

Plant trees and shrubs on the western side of dams to provide shade and wind protection to reduce evaporation. Always ensure flight paths are maintained to provide access to the water body for birds.

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Dams make great habitat and shelter when planted out

Local rushes and sedges planted in shallow water will enhance habitat and ornamental qualities. Rushes and sedges improve water quality by using excess nitrates and phosphates.

Plant native grasses on the inside of the dam wall. Grasses that can cope with periodic inundation from water are best, as this will hide the bare soil of the bank when water levels fluctuate.

Also include some small flowering shrubs which will overhang the water providing habitat for insects for fish to feed on.

Wetlands provide valuable wildlife habitat for frogs, waterfowl and other wetland species such as fish, yabbies and tortoises.

 

Botanical NameCommon Name
Trees
Casuarina cunninghamianaRiver She-Oak
Casuarina glaucaSwamp Oak
Eucalyptus amplifoliaCabbage Gum
Eucalyptus elataRiver White Gum
Eucalyptus macarthuriiPaddys River Box
Eucalyptus ovataSwamp Gum
Eucalyptus stellulataBlack Sallee
Eucalyptus viminalisRibbon Gum
Melaleuca linariifoliaSnow in Summer
Melaleuca styphelioidesPrickly Paperbark
Shrubs
Banksia roburSwamp Banksia
Callistemon citrinusCrimson Bottlebrush
Callistemon linearisNarrow-leaved Bottlebrush
Callistemon pallidusLemon Bottlebrush
Callistemon pityoidesAlpine Bottlebrush
Callistemon salignusWillow Bottlebrush
Callistemon sieberiRiver Bottlebrush
Callistemon subulatusBottlebrush
Callistemon viminalisWeeping Bottlebrush
Hakea salicifoliaWillow leaf Hakea
Leptospermum juniperinumPrickly Tea-tree
Leptospermum morrisoniiTea-tree
Leptospermum obovatumTea-tree
Leptospermum polygalifoliumYellow Tea-tree
Melaleuca hypericifoliaRed Flowering Paperbark
Melaleuca squarrosaScented Paperbark
Grasses and Sedges
Baumea articulataJointed Twig-rush
Baumea rubignosaSoft Twig-rush
Carex AppressaTussock Sedge
Carex fascicularisTassel Sedge
Ficinia nodosaKnobby Club-rush
Gahnia sieberianaRed-fruited Saw-sedge
Juncus usitatusTussock Rush
Lomandra longifoliaSpiny-headed Mat-rush
Phragmites australisGiant Reedgrass
Restio tetraphyllusTassel-cord Rush
Schoenplectus validusRiver Club-rush
Aquatic Plants
Alisma plantagoWater Plantain
Ludwigia peploides-montevidensisWater Primrose
Marsilea muticaRainbow Nardoo
Nymphoides sp.Water Fringe
Villarsia reniformisMarsh Flower
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A dam that has been used as a water feature on a property